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rasterpic is a tiny package with one single goal: to transform an image into a spatial raster.

Installation

Install rasterpic from CRAN:

install.packages("rasterpic")

You can install the developing version of rasterpic with:

devtools::install_github("dieghernan/rasterpic")

Alternatively, you can install rasterpic using the r-universe:

# Install rasterpic in R:
install.packages("rasterpic", repos = c(
  "https://dieghernan.r-universe.dev",
  "https://cloud.r-project.org"
))

Example

This package allows you to create cool maps by using a wide variety of objects:

  • Spatial object of the sf package: sf, sfc, sfgor bbox.

  • Spatial objects of the terra package: SpatRaster, SpatVector, SpatExtent.

  • A vector of coordinates with the form c(xmin, ymin, xmax, yman)

An example using a sf object:

library(rasterpic)
library(sf)
library(terra)

# The flag of the United Kingdom
img <- system.file("img/UK_flag.png", package = "rasterpic")
uk <- read_sf(system.file("gpkg/UK.gpkg", package = "rasterpic"))

# Rasterize!
uk_flag <- rasterpic_img(uk, img)

uk_flag
#> class       : SpatRaster 
#> dimensions  : 400, 800, 3  (nrow, ncol, nlyr)
#> resolution  : 5398.319, 5398.319  (x, y)
#> extent      : -2542183, 1776472, 6430573, 8589900  (xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax)
#> coord. ref. : WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator (EPSG:3857) 
#> source(s)   : memory
#> colors RGB  : 1, 2, 3 
#> names       : lyr.1, lyr.2, lyr.3 
#> min values  :     0,    14,    35 
#> max values  :   255,   255,   255

# Plot it!
# Using ggplot2 + tidyterra
library(tidyterra)
library(ggplot2)

autoplot(uk_flag) +
  geom_sf(data = uk, color = alpha("blue", 0.5))

We can also play with other parameters, as well as modifying the alignment of the image with respect to the object:

# Align, crop and mask
uk_flag2 <- rasterpic_img(uk, img, halign = 0.2, crop = TRUE, mask = TRUE)

autoplot(uk_flag2) +
  geom_sf(data = uk, fill = NA)

Image formats admitted

rasterpic can parse the following image formats:

  • png files.
  • jpg/jpeg files.
  • tif/tiff files.

Citation

Hernangómez D (2024). rasterpic: Create a Spatial Raster from Plain Images. doi:10.5281/zenodo.5910095, https://dieghernan.github.io/rasterpic/.

A BibTeX entry for LaTeX users is:

@Manual{R-rasterpic,
  title = {{rasterpic}: Create a Spatial Raster from Plain Images},
  author = {Diego Hernangómez},
  year = {2024},
  version = {0.2.4},
  doi = {10.5281/zenodo.5910095},
  url = {https://dieghernan.github.io/rasterpic/},
  abstract = {Create a spatial raster, as the ones provided by terra, from regular pictures.},
}